Mammals from Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil

Helder José, Marlon Zortéa, Jacques A. Passamani, Sergio Lucena Mendes, Marcelo Passamani


The Atlantic Forest in the state of Espírito Santo, as in other regions, is a fragmented biome and information on its mammals, especially the small-sized species, is scarce. This study helps fill the gap between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Bahia in relation to the geographical distribution of mammals. Herein we describe a survey of volant and non-volant mammal fauna in Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, carried out between January 1987 and December 1988. Live traps were used in order to capture non-volant small mammals. Medium- and large-sized mammals were recorded by direct and indirect observations. Bats were caught in day roost with hand nets and at night by standard mist nets.  Seven orders, 18 families, and thirty-five non-volant species were recorded. Trinomys paratus (37.3%) and Didelphis aurita (24%) were the most captured species. Among bats, two families and twelve species were recorded, with Carollia perspicillata and Artibeus lituratus being the most frequent, comprising 50% of the community surveyed.

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